Texas State Aquarium Announces November Dollar Day Presented by Whataburger

Dollar Day, presented by Whataburger, will be Sunday, November 16!
Along with $1 admission, there will be an enhanced schedule of programs for the day. The Aquarium will maintain its normal operating hours for the day, opening at 9 a.m. and closing at 5 p.m. Children 2 years old and under will receive free admission.

Whataburger logo

November 10, 2014

CORPUS CHRISTI, TEXAS – On Sunday, Nov. 16, the Texas State Aquarium will host a Dollar Day, presented by Whataburger. The Aquarium’s extremely popular Dollar Days offer an admission price of one dollar for all visitors. Along with the special price, there will be an enhanced schedule of programs for the day.

“We’re thrilled to announce this Dollar Day for November thanks to the generosity of our longtime supporter and partner, Whataburger,” said Tom Schmid, President and CEO of the Texas State Aquarium. “Whataburger has done so much for the Aquarium and the local community over the years, and our November Dollar Day is just one more example. Whataburger’s support of our Dollar Day program helps make the Aquarium accessible to all of the members of our local community for learning and enjoyment.”

“Corpus Christi is our birthplace, and we have a big place in our hearts for the Texas State Aquarium,” said Whataburger Vice President of Marketing and Innovation Rich Scheffler. “The Texas State Aquarium is an amazing place to learn and explore, and we are happy to help make it a little easier for kids and their families to visit and enjoy the exhibits.”

The Aquarium will operate on regular hours for the day, opening at 9:00 a.m. and closing at 5:00 p.m. Children 2 and under will receive free admission, and parking will remain $5.00.




Texas State Aquarium–Connecting people with nature and inspiring conservation of the Gulf of Mexico.

The Aquarium is an accredited member of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums

and a member of the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums.


Jamming Along With Jellies

Upside down jellies

What exactly makes jellies so interesting? Is it the mesmerizing, pulsing way they move? Maybe it’s the fact that they’re beautiful AND dangerous (we’re looking at you, box jelly), or maybe it’s simply that they look like transparent underwater aliens. Whatever the reason – we’re right there with you concerning the crazy cool factor of the wonderful world of jellies. 

Pacific sea nettle in Floating Phantoms.

Pacific sea nettle in Floating Phantoms.

Incredibly, jellies are as old as time. They’ve inhabited the earth’s oceans for hundreds of millions of years, and speaking of oceans, they can be found in every single one, from the surface to the deep sea. Some can even be found in fresh water environments, such as the craspedacusta sowerbii.

And since we’re discussing crazy names – why do you see jellies referred to as jellyfish AND jellies? Well, in more recent years, it’s been decided that the name “jellyfish” is a misnomer. With no bones, no blood, and no brains, jellies aren’t actually fish at all, so scientists, aquariums and zoos nationwide have begun referring to them simply as jellies.

As jellies drift thousands of miles with the ocean’s currents, they have to keep energized. Diet is species-specific, but most jellies dine on fish eggs, plankton, brine shrimp, and larger jellies will eat sea snails, and even small fish. 

Upside down jellies

Upside down jellies

Jellies can range in size from a few centimeters in width, like the Irukandji jelly of Australia, to the Lion’s Mane jelly, which can grow to be the size of a minivan. A jelly that size has got to pack a whopping stinging punch, right? Wrong. While Lion’s Mane jellies can sting and these injuries do irritate the skin, they are mostly minor. The venomous stings of the infamous Box Jelly, as well as the tiny Irukandji are infinitely more dangerous.  Among the most deadly in the world, containing toxins that attack the heart, nervous system, and skin cells, the Box Jelly’s sting can easily be fatal. It is so overpoweringly painful, human victims have been known to go into shock and drown or die of heart failure before even reaching shore. Survivors can experience considerable pain for weeks and often have significant scarring where the tentacles made contact. 

Comb jelly

Comb jelly

If you ever find yourself the victim of a jelly sting, Texas State Aquarium Aquarist Victoria says the last thing you want to do is pour fresh water on it. “Fresh water will actually cause the nematocysts to keep firing, and it’ll cause even more pain. Definitely use salt water instead as it deactivates stinging cells,” she advises. Next, Victoria says you should rinse the affected area with vinegar, and then soak the area in the hottest water you can stand. A mild anti-itch or hydrocortisone crème can be used for less severe stings for the next several days, as well as an ice pack and antibiotic ointment as necessary. For severe stings or severe reactions to stings, call 911 and seek medical treatment immediately. 


131-3183_IMGHere at TSA, we house and exhibit lagoon jellies, upside downs, Pacific and Atlantic sea nettles, moon jellies, and comb jellies. Come check them out and learn more about them at our Floating Phantoms exhibit!

Whataburger to Sponsor First 4D Theater in Texas’s Coastal Bend at the Texas State Aquarium

Whataburger 4D Theater check presentation

Whataburger to Sponsor First 4D Theater in Texas’s Coastal Bend at the Texas State Aquarium

Campaign Caribbean - See a New Sea

October 27, 2014

Million dollar contribution from Whataburger aids fundraising effort for Aquarium’s Caribbean Journey expansion

Whataburger 4D Theater check presentationCORPUS CHRISTI, TEXAS – The Texas State Aquarium is excited to announce another significant gift for Campaign Caribbean, the Aquarium’s capital campaign which will fund the largest expansion in its 24-year history. Today, longtime partner Whataburger announced a generous $1 million gift to Campaign Caribbean. The gift is earmarked for the naming of a 4D theater in the Caribbean Journey experience – the first theater of its kind south of San Antonio.

“Whataburger and the Dobson Family are proud to support the construction of the 4D theater which will be named after our mother and the woman who grew Whataburger into the company it is today, Grace Dobson. She had a deep personal commitment to the Corpus Christi community and incredible passion for this place,” said Whataburger Chairman and TSA Board Member Tom Dobson.  “I know she would be very proud.”

Texas State Aquarium President & CEO Tom Schmid commented, “Whataburger and the Dobson family have been steadfast Aquarium supporters and partners for many years. Thanks to their generous continuing support, we are going to be able to bring the Coastal Bend area its first 4D theater.  4D will bring guests the richest theater experience possible – the action spills out of the screen over the audience with thrill-enhancing sensory special effects—from water mist and smoke clouds to tremors beneath the feet.”

The Texas State Aquarium’s Whataburger 4D Theater will be developed by SimEx-Iwerks, which specializes in designing, building and operating 4-D Experiences® that feature blockbuster content licensed from the world’s major studios. SimEx-Iwerks is an expert in integrating the highest quality 3-D high definition projection with in-seat and in-theater effects to create fully immersive experiences. Their 4-D theaters include a variety of special effects, including bubbles, snow, scent, FX lighting, water mist, seat vibrations, and wind. 

The $50 million Caribbean Journey addition will introduce Aquarium guests to the sights, sounds, and vibrant wildlife of the Western Caribbean.  Its construction will complete the final two phases of the Aquarium’s original master plan and will transform the Texas State Aquarium from a leading regional aquarium to one of the top aquariums in the nation.

In late 2012, the Texas State Aquarium launched the leadership phase of Campaign Caribbean, a capital campaign to raise the necessary funds for construction of the Caribbean Journey wing. At 65,000 square feet, the new Caribbean Journey wing will be significantly larger than the original Gulf of Mexico exhibit building.  “The new wing will be 50 percent larger, however, in terms of indoor exhibit space. It will more than double what we currently have,” said Aquarium President & CEO Tom Schmid.  “This is going to be a multi-level, highly immersive, state-of-the-art experience.”

Visit texasstateaquarium.org/caribbean to take the Caribbean Journey.


About Whataburger: 

Whataburger has focused on its fresh, made-to-order burgers and friendly customer service since 1950 when Harmon Dobson opened the first Whataburger as a small roadside burger stand in Corpus Christi, Texas. Dobson gave his restaurant a name he hoped to hear customers say every time they took a bite of his made-to-order burgers:  “What a burger!” Within the first week, people lined up around the block for his 25 cent, 100-percent beef burgers served on five-inch buns. Today, the company is headquartered in San Antonio, Texas, with more than 760 locations in 10 states with sales of more than $1 billion annually. Visitwww.whataburger.com for more information on the company or become a fan on Facebook athttp://www.facebook.com/whataburger.


Texas State Aquarium: Connecting people with nature and inspiring conservation of the Gulf of Mexico.

The Aquarium is an accredited member of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums

and the World Association of Zoos and Aquariums.


Creepy Critter #2: Goliath Bird-Eating Spider


Creepy Critter #2: Goliath Bird-Eating Spider

The name almost says it all, right? Wrong – it’s a good indicator and largely what you’d expect, but this Amazonian arachnid is even creepier than what you’d imagine in your nightmares!

This “new world” tarantula is (arguably) the world’s largest spider (measuring by its legspan and mass), growing to have an 11-inch legspan and weigh over 6 ounces. That’s as big as a dinner plate! gbes

At a size like that, you’d expect this seriously spooky spider to use its inch-long fangs to rip its prey to shreds, right? Well it does something even creepier. The Goliath Bird-Eating Spider sinks its fangs into its victims – usually insects, frogs, or mice – then injects venomous juices into them, turning the animal’s insides into mush that the spider then slurps out.

Don’t let that make you think its bite is safe, because that’s not the case. “You absolutely still don’t want to be bitten by one of them,” says TSA Aquarist Ryan Drum. “A bite from one will induce nausea, cause severe sweating and light-headedness, not to mention hurt really badly.” images

…And we haven’t even gotten to its defensive mechanism yet.

This species of spider is especially known for its highly developed and highly effective defensive move called “urticating.” When threatened, the spider will release hair-like bristles from its body, enveloping the perceived threat in a cloud of tiny, almost invisible hairs that are extremely irritating to skin, and can cause real problems if they get into delicate, sensitive mucous membranes around the eyes or mouth, explains Drum.

“Another thing that many will find creepy is that fact that females can lay anywhere from 100 to 200 eggs at a time and, like female Praying Mantises, also sometimes eat the males,” he says.

TSA’s resident Goliath Bird-Eating Spider, Debbie Hairy, will be on display in our Amazon exhibit – come see her tomorrow at Green Halloween!

Creepy Critter #3: Sand Tiger Shark

TSA Omni3

Creepy Critter #3: Sand Tiger Shark

Dun, dun. Dun, dun, dun, dun, dun, dun. DUN, DUN, DUN, DUN, DUUUUN! Though no Great White, if seeing the protrusive teeth of a Sand Tiger Shark doesn’t start the JAWS theme song playing in your head, something is wrong. TSA Omni3

These decidedly ferocious-looking beasts boast a mouthful of terrifying teeth that are even visible when their mouths are shut. They can go through thousands of teeth in a lifetime, losing up to hundreds per year. And even with all those teeth, this predator still swallows its food whole!

Most Sand Tiger Sharks range in size from 6.5 up to 10.5 feet and they can weigh anywhere from 200 lbs to 350 lbs. And despite their intimidating size, they eat little, and can go for extensive periods without feeding.

The stealth hunter gets its name from its tendency to reside near shoreline habitats, and they are often seen trolling the ocean floor in the surf zone, very close to shore. They are found in warm or temperate waters throughout the world’s oceans, except the eastern Pacific. images

Something that sets the Sand Tiger Shark apart from other carnivorous fish is its ability to self adjust its buoyancy levels. The shark will break the surface of the ocean, gulp air, and then store the air in its stomach, allowing it to float motionless in the water. All the better to silently stalk prey… Hans

Though this species of shark has relatively plentiful numbers, they have a scarily low reproduction rate and are thus listen as threatened on the worldwide species list, meaning they are vulnerable to endangerment in the future.

Visit Hans, our very own Sand Tiger Shark, at the Islands of Steel exhibit this Saturday for Green Halloween and learn more spooky shark facts!

Creepy Critter #4: Green Moray Eel

Green Moray Eel

Creepy Critter #4: Green Moray Eel

What’s green, slippery, slithery, looks slightly undead, and lurks under rocks in the ocean? Nope, not Frankenstein – we’re talking about the Green Moray Eel. Green Moray Eel

This creepy critter can be found anywhere from the western Atlantic Ocean, to Bermuda, the northern Gulf of Mexico, and as far south as Brazil. Their sinuous, snake-like appearance ups their “ick” factor, but not as much as the fact that they’re actually covered in mucus does! It’s hard to believe, but these species – so known for their vibrant lime green color – is actually brown. The yellow tint of mucus that its body is coated in is yellow, thereby giving this spooky, serpentine creature its signature hue.

TSA Aquarist Rafael Calderon added another creepy fact to this animal’s repertoire of weirdness. “It’s kind of cool, even alien-like, but the Green Moray actually has two pairs of jaws, a primary and a pharyngeal, meaning it’s located deeper inside the eel’s throat,” he explains. “The first set of jaws grabs and holds the prey and the second sucks in the food and eats it whole.” That prey is normally fish, squid, shrimp, crab, and octopus. eel jaws

These incredibly successful predators can allegedly grow to be up to eight feet in length, and they come equipped with some seriously scary teeth. Curved and sharp, you can see them when the eels open and close their mouths every so often, something they do to breathe.  Although this behavior may appear threatening, the eel is actually taking in water to breathe. The water passes over its gills and exits through vent-like openings at the back of the creature’s head. 

“They don’t really play well with others, either,” says Calderon, “Green Morays are very territorial, and if they don’t like you in their space, or if you’re getting too close, they’ll let you know it.”

Another creepy fact via Calderon is that Green Morays love tight, enclosed spaces. No claustrophobia for these scale-less swimmers.

The Texas State Aquarium is home to three Green Moray eels, Russell, Scooter, and Houdini – come get a load of these alien-like fish this Saturday at Green Halloween!

Creepy Critter #5: Eurasian Eagle Owl

Eurasian Owl graphic.fw

Eurasian Owl graphic.fwEyes as big as half dollars and as yellow-orange as a harvest moon stare straight into yours, the intense gaze of the apex predator creeping into your soul…or at least that’s how some may feel. The long look a Eurasian Eagle Owl can give you is not one you’ll soon forget. 

These owls are native to Europe and Asia, and are among the biggest in the entire world – they can reportedly boast a six-and-a-half-foot wingspan! Within this impressive wingspan are serrated (like the teeth on a knife) wing feathers that enable the owl to glide almost silently through the night, stalking its prey – unbeknownst – from the sky. Jessica & Brutus

“It’s a really cool adaptation,” says Bird and Mammal Trainer Jessica Brown, “Also the soft, downy feathers underneath help absorb sound and any turbulence they encounter in the air, making them even quieter.”

 Eurasian Eagle Owls hunt using their silent flight, keen eyesight, and impeccable hearing. Brown says that like other species of owl, eagle owls have facial disks, or groups of feathers around their ears, that actually direct sounds toward their ears. Owls can raise these feathers slightly when on the hunt, enabling them to hear the rustle of a mouse in the grass, the flapping of feathers in the night, or the slithering of a snake in a tree branch. These sounds give away the location of prey animals, making it easy for these owls to swiftly swoop in to catch a meal – and their pointed, powerful talons can exert 500 pounds of PSI (pressure per inch)! Compared to the human hand’s 30 lbs of PSI, that’s scarily strong. “They normally hunt rodents like rabbits and rats, but they’ll also eat other raptors, and they can even take down small deer,” explains Brown.

The scariest thing about this creature, however, is its history. During the first half of the 20th century, Eurasian Eagle Owl numbers declined radically as humans over-hunted and nearly poisoned the whole population. Local European governments began increasing protective measures regarding the owls, and they are now back to a healthier number, though not as populous as they once were. Brutus

TSA’s resident Eurasian Eagle Owl, Brutus, will be one featured creature you can meet at Green Halloween this Saturday! 

In-Depth Info on Imping

Bamboo shoot in feather shaft

At the Texas State Aquarium, we pride ourselves on being at the intersection of science and saving animals. So, last week when our Second Chances Wildlife Rehabilitation Hospital staff learned a procedure and then successfully applied the technique to a Crested Caracara in their care and was able to release him back into the wild earlier than expected, we felt right at home in that intersection – thanks to imping.

Imping is a procedure wherein feathers are taken from a deceased bird and then transferred to a live bird so that the live bird’s feathers will molt feathers faster, thus replacing its broken feathers and bettering the bird’s chances of being able to fly again.

Second Chances staff already had heard of the procedure, and when the annual Raptor Research Foundation meeting took place in Corpus Christi recently, they utilized the opportunity to attend a workshop and perfect the procedure firsthand. The RRF is an international scientific society dedicated to accumulating and disseminating scientific information regarding raptors. 

Raptor Research Foundation Logo

Raptor Research Foundation Logo

Second Chances Veterinary Technician Laura Martinelli (she’s featured in our Crested Caracara release video) said she had been hopeful about the technique for a while for this particular bird, and Second Chances already had a donor bird from which to transfer the feathers.  The process involves binding together broken feather shafts to healthy, whole feathers with bamboo and an animal-friendly adhesive. Imping allows for birds with broken or clipped feathers to molt these false feathers faster, making way for new, healthy feathers to grow in. 

Veterinary staff studied the various steps involved in imping for a few months prior to attending the workshop. Laura explained that shaved bamboo shoots are inserted into feather shafts that anatomically match up with the same types of feathers on both birds, these are secured to the shaft with glue, and then left to molt out naturally. The procedure took around an hour and was extremely rewarding, said Laura. 

“It’s so cool when you have something like this that you study, practice, then actually do it and it works,” Laura commented, “Doing things like this is one of the best parts of my job.”

Our Second Chances hospital was called in early February by a local man who discovered the Crested Caracara, a vulture-like raptor, in a field near his home. The bird was on the ground and clearly unable to fly due to a multitude of clipped or broken feathers.

During the RRF conference, Second Chances staff was able to practice imping on supplied bird carcasses and then was excited and confident to perform the technique on the Crested Caracara.

The procedure was a huge success and all of the Texas State Aquarium was happy to be able to release the bird back into his natural habitat along Oso Creek, at the intersection of a winding creek and grassy marsh area, where our passion for science and animals came full circle.

To view the video from our Crested Caracara release, visit the following link: https://www.facebook.com/video.php?v=10152363956473015&set=vb.83477018014&type=2&theater

Stay tuned – our next blog post will feature information about animal enrichment and how your donations and contributions help support causes like our Second Chances Wildlife Rehabilitation Hospital!

Bamboo shoot in feather shaft

Bamboo shoot in feather shaft

Check Out October’s Creepy Current Webisode

TSA Current


Be sure to check out the October webisode of the Aquarium’s monthly online television program, “The Current”, on YouTube.com.

This episode will include information about our Sensational Sustainable Seafood Lionfish Event, spooky Halloween-themed animal enrichment, a feature about Valero’s donation to the Aquarium’s Campaign Caribbean, and a video showcasing some of the birds we’ve released through our Second Chances Wildlife Rehabilitation Center & Hospital. 

Be sure to subscribe to the Texas State Aquarium’s YouTube channel to get notification each time we post a new video or episode of “The Current.” And please share “The Current” with your friends!